Majority of Small Business Owners Say the Minimum Wage isn’t a Living Wage
As the 2020 presidential election draws nearer, the subject of a “living wage” has again proven a hot topic — especially among Democratic primary candidates. Meanwhile, in recent years, a number of cities have passed their own initiatives to hike the minimum wage to $15 an hour or more. Throughout discussions of such moves, there’s been a focus on small businesses that some argue would be hardest hit by increasing wages. Now a new survey from SCORE and online lender OnDeck shows that, while business owners tend to agree that the current minimum wage is not a “living wage,” there’s less consensus about whether or not that should change.
First, 73% of respondents said they did not believe that the minimum wage was a living wage, with just 11% stating the opposite. However only 44% went on to say that the current minimum wage was too low. In fact 40% said they believed it was about right and 16% states it was too high. It’s important to note that the survey inquired about the minimum wages in each entrepreneur’s own state, so that could also be a factor in the split responses.
In terms of how increased wages might impact their businesses, 55% of those surveyed theorized that they would hurt them. Additionally 44% suggested they would need to cut back on other investments in order to accommodate an increase in the minimum wage. That said 16% said the higher wages would actually benefit their business while one-third were confident that they wouldn’t need to scale back on other investments as a result.
Another split among respondents came when asked whether they would raise wages proportionally if the minimum were to go up. In other words, if their lowest-paid employee’s wage increased by $2, would workers already making more than the minimum also get a $2 raise? To that inquiry, 37% said they would make proportional adjustments while 34% said they would not. The remaining business owners weren’t sure what they would do in such a situation.
Summing up the survey’s findings, SCORE CEO Bridget Weston said in a statement, “This data shows that the majority of small businesses have a very small staff, and that a majority already pay their staff more than the minimum wage. For the majority of small business owners, the question is not whether the minimum wage is appropriate at a state level; rather, it’s how they will respond to an increase, whether that means adjusting other employees’ wages proportionately, or investing differently in their business.”
This latest survey once again highlights the complexity of the minimum wage issue. On the one hand it’s clear that small businesses do want to do right by their employees but, at the same time, may not be able to afford mandatory raises. Of course, with such conversations often tied to party politics, you can bet we’ll be hearing much more about minimum wages and living wages throughout 2020 and beyond.